Indian Cattle Science
Indian Cattle science
Ancient Indians lived in tune with nature. Plants, animals, and of course all living beings were considered sacred by them. cattle were the part of there lives. Cows were worshipped with all sanctity. They cared well and their wellbeing was given the top priority. Kings considered horses, cows, and elephants as there is wealth.
Puranas and Cattle Science
King Nala had the title "Ashva-vith". It means the person who has complete knowledge about Horses.
Pandava Kings Nakula and Sahadeva were experts in cattle science. Nakula wrote a book called "Ashva chikitsa" (Treatment of Horses). Sahadeva had expert knowledge about cows.
King Dasaratha of Ramayana had a contemporary who was a master in gajayurveda.
Indian Medical Science and Cattle
Ayurvedic texts deal with the treatment of cattle. Charaka, Sushrutha and Haritha Samhitas deals with various animal diseases and their treatments
Father of veterinary science
Salihotra, who lived in the 8th century B.C, is considered to be the father of veterinary science. He wrote a famous text called "Haya-Ayurveda". It consists of 12,000 verses and had been divided into eight parts. Complete text is not available today.
The first chapter of the book deals with horses, their types, their characteristic features, and methods of finding a horse's age, their anatomy, and the horses that the kings alone should ride.
The second chapter of the book deals with diseases of the cattle, fevers, eye problems, snakebites, wounds and their treatment.
The third chapter deals with Gynecological problems of horses, pregnancy, and other venereal diseases in horses.
The fourth chapter deals with food to be given to horses, their rearing, oral diseases, dysentery, and its treatment.
Fifth and sixth chapters deal with planetary influence on horses.
The seventh chapter deals with the impediments that a veterinary physician had to face.
The eighth chapter deals with the physical marks and signs on horses and the making of various chariots.
Agni, Garuda, and Matsya Puranas refer to the book Haya-Ayurveda. This book was translated into various foreign languages, like Persian Arabic, English, etc.
Even today, in certain places of North-Western India and Central Asia, veterinary physician is often called as"Salotri" an eternal tribute to this great Indian physician.