who is Karl Marx
who is Karl Marx?
(1818 - 1883)
“The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it."
The great intellectual who turned the world upside down was the Communist Father
German philosopher, radical economist, and revolutionary leader Karl Marx (1818-1883) founded modern "classical" socialism. His basic ideas — called Marxism — are the foundation of socialist and communist movements around the world.
Carl Marx spent most of his life in exile. He was exiled from his native Prussia in 1849 and went to Paris, from which he was exiled a few months later. He then settled in London, where he spent the rest of his life in extreme poverty and relative obscurity. He was largely unknown to the English people in his lifetime. His reputation as a radical thinker spread only after the emergence of socialist parties in Europe, particularly Germany and France, in the 1870s and 1880s. Since then, Marx's theories have been under discussion in a growing number of labor and socialist movements, including Georgia and Russia.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, socialist parties everywhere accepted a significant measure of Marxism, albeit with changes. This is particularly true of the idea of class struggle and the establishment of a socialist society in which economic exploitation and social inequality are abolished. Marxism was the first great achievement of the Russian Revolution of 1917, when its successful leader, V. I. Lenin, a lifelong disciple of Marx, organized the Soviet Union as a proletarian dictatorship based on Marx's philosophy, Lenin explained. Henceforth, Marx became a global figure and his theories became the subject of universal attention and controversy.